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PSHRE – Personal, social, health and
relationships education

At the Rydal Academy we believe that a high-quality PSHRE education should give children the knowledge and skills to embrace the challenges of creating a happy and successful adult life. This will enable them to make informed decisions about their wellbeing, health and relationships and to build their self-efficacy. We want all children to grow up healthy, happy, safe, and able to manage the challenges and opportunities of modern Britain.

Teaching equips pupils with knowledge about citizenship and economic wellbeing, staying safe, relationships, health and wellbeing and healthy lifestyles.

Relationships Education will put in place the building blocks needed for positive and safe relationships, including with family, friends and online.

Your child will be taught what a relationship is, what friendship is, what family means and who can support them.

In an age-appropriate way, the school will cover how to treat each other with kindness, consideration and respect.

Health Education aims to give your child the information they need to make good decisions about their own health and wellbeing, to recognise issues in themselves and others, and to seek support as early as possible when issues arise.

As pupils progress, their growing knowledge about these areas should help them to put into practice and develop the capacity to make sound decisions when facing risks, challenges and complex contexts.

PSHRE is taught in a discreet session for at least 30 minutes per week. Many elements of PSHRE feed into other subject sessions throughout the week.  Our provision is customised to capitalise upon the experiences and backgrounds of our pupils as well as being designed to give them relevant new experiences.

Our PSHRE curriculum develops children’s depth of understanding through individual and group work, discussion, role play and practical activities. We return to areas of learning in different contexts within and across year groups in order to gain a deeper and more insightful understanding of the matters, skills and processes within PSHE.

The PSHRE curriculum is also complemented through assemblies and the work of outside agencies such as the school nurse, NSPCC and dentist.

 The curriculum is structured as follows:

Autumn 1: Friends

Autumn 2: Ourselves

Spring 1: Online safety

Spring 2: The wider world

Summer 1: Mental wellbeing

Summer 2: Families

Year 1 to Year 6

Please use the Learning Journey to find out about PSHRE. A downloadable version is located in the documents section.

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Homework - Autumn 1 (Y1)

Watch the YouTube video and talk about how they became friends and how they feel. Talk with the children about their friends at school and how they make them feel.

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Homework - Autumn 1 (Y2)

Watch the YouTube video and talk about what things they did as friends.
Talk with them about the things they look for in a friend being kind, sharing resources.

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Homework - Autumn 1 (Y3)

Talk with the children about personal boundaries and how we all need our space and when it’s appropriate to cross personal boundaries.
Watch the YouTube video. Talk about how the characters feel about personal space.

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Homework - Autumn 1 (Y4)

Watch the YouTube video and talk about the ways they can resolve conflict.
Talk to the children about what the word respect means and how you show each other respect in the family and with friends.

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Homework - Autumn 1 (Y5)

Talk with the children about bullying and why it is bad, what they can do and who they can tell if they are being bullied.

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Homework - Autumn 1 (Y6)

Talk with the children about the different people that live in their community and how we all have similarities and differences and what we can do to respect these.
Watch the YouTube video and talk about how people may not always be what they seem.

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Homework - Autumn 2 (Y1)

Talk with the children about the food in your house, can you sort it into healthy and unhealthy foods.
Watch the YouTube video together and see if they can guess where to put the food.

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Homework - Autumn 2 (Y2)

Encourage the children to take part in some form of physical activity and talk about why it is important.
Watch the YouTube videos and have a go at these exercise routines.

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Homework - Autumn 2 (Y3)

Watch the YouTube video and talk about how sleep affect us.
Talk to the children about how they feel when they are just sat around doing nothing. What do they think are the negative aspects of an inactive lifestyle?

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Homework - Autumn 2 (Y4)

Talk with the children about when we get ill and who they can talk to if they are worried about their health.

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Homework - Autumn 2 (Y5)

Talk with the children about how important it is to wash their hands.
Talk about how their bodies are changing and how they must wash their whole bodies regular.

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Homework - Autumn 2 (Y6)

Encourage the children to create a healthy meal plan and give suggestions for evening meals.
Watch the YouTube video and talk about how they could get a good night’s sleep.

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Homework - Spring 1 (Y1)

Watch the YouTube video and talk about the SMART rules.
Talk about how and when they can use the internet at home and what expectations you have.

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Homework - Spring 1 (Y2)

Talk with the children about what to do if they feel unsafe whilst online. Visit the NSPCC website for ideas on how start a conversation about online safety.
Create your own rules for how you use the internet at home, asking for permission before going online, and time limits.

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Homework - Spring 1 (Y3)

Talk to the children about how to be respectful online and how they should act the same online as they would in person.

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Homework - Spring 1 (Y4)

Talk to the children about cyberbullying, visit the cyberbullying web site for advice on cyberbullying and how to have a conversation with the child.

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Homework - Spring 1 (Y5)

Talk with the children about who they talk to online and what to do if they don’t know that person.
Watch the YouTube video.

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Homework - Spring 1 (Y6)

Create a family media plan which sets out how to spend time online responsibly. Visit
Visit the web site to look at gaming restrictions.

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Homework - Spring 2 (Y1)

Talk about the jobs people within the community do, this can start at home.
Encourage children to help with the recycling.

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Homework - Spring 2 (Y2)

Talk with the children about what to do in an emergency and teach them 999.
Talk about the dangers in the house such as when the oven is on and what they need to do to stay safe.

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Homework - Spring 2 (Y3)

Talk about why we have rules, what rules do you have in the house? What happens if the break the rules of society?
Watch the YouTube video. Talk about how their actions affect themselves and others.

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Homework - Spring 2 (Y4)

Talk to the children about the community you live in including family, local area such as shops, parks, activities and sports that they are involved in.
Watch the YouTube video and talk about the things you could do as a family to help the environment.

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Homework - Spring 2 (Y5)

Talk with the children about risks they take and what are safe and unsafe risks to take.
Encourage children to save money and talk about what they could buy once they have saved enough.

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Homework - Spring 2 (Y6)

Talk with the children about what to do in a first aid emergency.
Watch the YouTube video to find out more about the role of parliament.

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Homework - Summer 1 (Y1)

Talk about the different emotions we experience and when.
Watch the YouTube video.

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Homework - Summer 1 (Y2)

Watch the YouTube video and talk about the things they can do.
Talk about the different feelings we have and what makes us feel that way.

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Homework - Summer 1 (Y3)

Talk about the refocus and return techniques that the children use at school.
Have a go at some mindfulness techniques.
Watch the YouTube video for a better understanding of mindfulness.

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Homework - Summer 1 (Y4)

Watch the YouTube video. Have a go at creating an emotions journal.
Talk with the children about how they are feeling at that moment.

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Homework - Summer 1 (Y5)

Talk with the children about what they think they are good at and what you think they are good at.
Watch the YouTube video.

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Homework - Summer 1 (Y6)

Encourage the children to talk about how they are feeling and how things like exercise, breathing techniques, and drawing can help if they feel overwhelmed.
Watch the YouTube video for ideas on self-help.

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Homework - Summer 2 (Y1)

Talk with the children about the people who are in their family.
Talk about what to do if they come across a stranger and never to go with and to get help.

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Homework - Summer 2 (Y2)

Visit the NSPCC website to talk about the pants are private rules, watch the YouTube video.
Talk about how your family protect and care for each other and what makes your family happy and healthy such as the times you spend together.

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Homework - Summer 2 (Y3)

Talk with the children about all the things they are good at and like about themselves, what do you like about your child?

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Homework - Summer 2 (Y4)

Create a family tree by drawing around a hand on each figure identify a characteristic that makes a positive family life such as love for each other stability.
Talk with the children about safe and unsafe touch.

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Homework - Summer 2 (Y5)

Talk with the children about the different people within their own families, talk about how other people’s families may be different for example they may only live with mum, may have no grandparents.
Watch the youTube video.

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Homework - Summer 2 (Y6)

Talk with them about what makes a happy family and what the positive things are in your own family.

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Friends (Y1)

Children will learn about how we make friends, how they make us feel and how we should act around friends.

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Friends (Y2)

Children will learn the characteristics that we look for in a friend. How to be polite and not rude to our friends.

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Friends (Y3)

Children will learn about how friendships make us feel included and about personal boundaries.

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Friends (Y4)

Children will learn how to show respect in friendships, how to resolve conflict and strategies to respond to hurtful behaviour.

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Friends (Y5)

Children will learn about the different types of bullying and how to deal with it and who they can and can’t trust.

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Friends (Y6)

Children will learn about what stereotypes are and recognising and respecting others differences.

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Ourselves (Y1)

Children will learn about what makes a healthy diet and what the effects of a poor diet are.

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Ourselves (Y2)

Children will learn the physical and mental benefits to exercise and an active lifestyle.

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Ourselves (Y3)

Children will learn the risks associated with an inactive lifestyle and the importance of sleep.

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Ourselves (Y4)

Children will learn to recognise the signs of early ill health and where to go if they become worried about their health.

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Ourselves (Y5)

Children will learn about why personal hygiene and dental health is important, and understanding allergies and vaccinations.

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Ourselves (Y6)

Children will learn why sleep is important and the risk associated with a poor diet. They will also learn about legal and illegal substances.

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Online safety (Y1)

Children will learn how we use the internet and the rules for staying safe.

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Online safety (Y2)

Children will learn about the basic rules for keeping safe online, what to do if they feel unsafe and how to get help.

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Online safety (Y3)

Children will learn about respect and personal responsibility online and how to respond safely and appropriately to people online.

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Online safety (Y4)

Children will learn about cyberbullying and how to respond to negative issues online.

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Online safety (Y5)

Children will learn how to respond to people they don’t know online and how their data is shared.

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Online safety (Y6)

Children will learn how to manage their time online, what restrictions are and why they apply.

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The wider world (Y1)

Children will learn what community means and the people within it, and how to look after the environment.

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The wider world (Y2)

Children will learn how to stay safe around strangers, assess dangers in the home and community and who to call in an emergency.

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The wider world (Y3)

Children will learn about why we have rules in society and about personal responsibilities.

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The wider world (Y4)

Children will learn about the wider community and how to look after the environment.

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The wider world (Y5)

Children will learn about taking risks and money and why we need it.

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The wider world (Y6)

Children will learn about democracy and who represents our rights and basic first aid.

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Mental wellbeing (Y1)

Children will learn about different emotions and feelings and how to talk about them.

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Mental wellbeing (Y2)

Children will learn about feelings and behaviour and how to calm themselves and help techniques to help themselves.

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Mental wellbeing (Y3)

Children will learn about strategies and behaviours that can help support mental wellbeing and where to get support.

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Mental wellbeing (Y4)

Children will learn how to recognise their feelings and how and where to seek support.

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Mental wellbeing (Y5)

Children will learn about self-esteem and why it’s important to like ourselves. The impact of bullying and support with mental health.

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Mental wellbeing (Y6)

Children will learn about how mental health is a normal part of daily life and learn some self-help techniques. They will also understand how loneliness can affect people.

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Families (Y1)

Children will learn about the people in our families and the qualities they bring. Secrets and surprises and stranger danger.

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Families (Y2)

Children will learn that families are there to care and protect us and what makes a healthy family. Learn about personal space and appropriate and inappropriate touch and actions.

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Families (Y3)

Children will learn about self-respect, how to recognise if family are making them feel unhappy or unsafe and where to get help.

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Families (Y4)

Children will learn about the characteristics of a positive family life and about personal space and boundaries.

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Families (Y5)

Children will learn how families can look different from their own and to recognise when they feel unsafe.

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Families (Y6)

Children will learn about the characteristics of a happy family and how to report abuse. They will also learn about the legal characteristics of marriage.