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Computing

I believe innovation is the most powerful force for change in the world….Success today requires the agility and drive to constantly rethink, reinvigorate, react, and reinvent.

Bill Gates

The Computing curriculum at The Rydal Academy is built to prepare children with the knowledge and skills to thrive in a digital world. In line with guidance from the National Curriculum and the Department for Education, we have developed our own unique and creative scheme of work.

Children learn skills across a range of topics; including coding and programming their own games, websites, and even apps! There is also progressive opportunities for them to develop and refine other computer life skills such as typing, word processing, data handling, and creating and editing pictures. 

Central to all the work covered is how to use the Internet in an effective way; including how to keep safe, protect our information, prevent cyber-bullying and how to access support. Internet Safety is very important to us and we have worked hard to achieve the National Online Safety award. This was awarded due to the quality of our computing curriculum and the continuous training of the staff. 

Our computing curriculum ensures that children’s knowledge and skills develop progressively as they move through our school. Children continually revisit and build on their previous learning as well as encountering new and exciting challenges within in unit. 

We know that our children enjoy computing lessons because they tell us they love learning new skills, problem solving and being creative. We live in a digital world; many of the skills taught will be used, not only daily in children’s education, but also daily in their future lives. 

Year 1

Please use the Learning Journey to find out about Computing in Year 1.

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Homework - Autumn 1 (Y1)

Read the online story about Digi Duck. Can your child explain what their personal information is?
Learning to use a keyboard:
Children will learn about the layout of a keyboard and what the different keys are for using a printout of a keyboard. If possible, can your child demonstrate their knowledge using a keyboard at home? You could play fastest finger, who will find the given key first?

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Homework - Autumn 2 (Y1)

Algorithms in real life:
The children will learn that algorithms are a set of precise instructions. Use the web site links to create an algorithm for making a pizza and have your own pizza party.

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Homework - Spring 1 (Y1)

Simple algorithms using scratch
Children will develop their algorithm knowledge (a set of precise instructions) by using a program called Scratch to order algorithms. If they are not in the correct order, the algorithm will not work. Ask your child to verbally create an algorithm about getting dressed for school, they could even carry it out while they tell you.
Learning to Log in
Children will be given their log in credentials to learn how to log into the school network. Can they remember and/or practise writing their log in down on paper at home?

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Homework - Spring 2 (Y1)

Directional algorithms
Children will develop their algorithm knowledge (a set of precise instructions) by using a program called Scratch. Using vocabulary such as forward, backward, left and right, can your child give you verbal directions from one place to another in the house or garden?
Use the web site links to play Human Robot.

Introduction Microsoft Office: Similarities and differences of Word, Publisher and PowerPoint
Children will learn that they can use Microsoft Office to present information. Can they tell you the similarities and differences between Word, Publisher and PowerPoint? If possible, they could show you on a home device.

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Homework - Summer 1 (Y1)

Drawing with algorithms
Children will develop their algorithm knowledge by using a program called Scratch. Using vocabulary such as forward, backward, left and right, can your child give you, verbal or written, directions to write numbers from 1 to 9? Or could they follow your directions?

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Homework - Summer 2 (Y1)

Moving ‘Ally the Antroid’ on Scratch
Children will develop their programming/algorithms skills by using a program called Scratch to move Ally around different maps. Using vocabulary such as forward, backward, left and right, can your child write down directions from getting to one place to another in your house or garden?

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What is a computer?

Children will learn about different types of computers, the different parts of a computer and what can be done on a computer. Can your child explain what they know about computers?
Hector’s World: Keeping your personal information safe.
Children will learn about staying safe online by not sharing their personal information.

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Should you share photos online without permission?

Here is the story of DigiDuck that will be used to teach the children about sharing photos online. Click the web site link to read more.

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Why are there age restrictions?

Children will learn about what age restrictions are and why they are in place. Are they able to explain, and possibly find, any age restrictions in your home? (Such as films, game console games).

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What is copyright? Is everything on the internet true?

Children will learn that not everything on the internet is true. Can they explain why there are fake things on the internet? Search for a ‘Tomato Spider’ online and discuss how they know it is fake.

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Online relationships – How to be kind online.

Children will learn what acceptable online behaviour looks like. Thie YouTube video contains various internet safety tips, including someone being unkind.
Can your child create a poster about ‘How to behave online’?

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Saying No!

Children will learn that it is ok to say ‘No’ to people online if they feel uncomfortable or know that they are asking to do something wrong. They will also know to tell a trusted adult if this happens. Discuss what things that might make them feel uncomfortable online, discuss who their trusted adult is and practise saying ‘No!’

Year 2

Please use the Learning Journey to find out about Computing in Year 2.

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Homework - Autumn 1 (Y2)

Working with Sprites on Scratch
Children will develop their programming skills by using their knowledge of algorithms to create characters that change costumes, move around the background and continue to move ‘forever’. If possible, your child could demonstrate their skills using the Scratch web site.

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Homework - Autumn 2 (Y2)

Create an ‘Identity Game’ on Scratch
Children will develop their programming skills by using a program called Scratch to make an Identity game where the user is asked questions about their chosen character until there is only one identity left. It is similar to an online version of ‘Guess Who?’. They will be introduced to if-statements. Can your child give you any examples of if-statements? Such as, if it is raining then Miss Waller will use an umbrella else she won’t use an umbrella.
Editing font (including Word Art) on Microsoft Office
Children will learn how to edit their text using different font, boldness, italics, underlining, shadows as well as using Word Art for headers. If possible, allow your child to demonstrate their skills using a home device.

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Homework - Spring 1 (Y2)

Inserting Images using Microsoft Office
Children will learn how to insert images on MS Word, Publisher and PowerPoint from files, clip art and webpages. If possible, ask your child to demonstrate their skills on a home device. If this is not possible, can they explain how to do it?

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Homework - Spring 2 (Y2)

Creating ‘Monkey Drop’ on Scratch
Children will develop their programming skills by using a program called Scratch to make a Monkey Drop game. Visit the Scratch web site. They will be introduced to creating variable for score and lives board. Can they explain to you how a score board works in Monkey drop? If possible, can your child access scratch to demonstrate how to create or play their game?
Design and Transitions on Microsoft PowerPoint
Children will learn how to use designs and transitions on MS PowerPoint. Can your child explain what a transition is? If possible, ask your child to demonstrate their new skills.

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Homework - Summer 1 (Y2)

What is input-output binary?
Children will develop their knowledge about algorithms by looking at inputs, steps and outputs then looking at strings and true and false statements. Ask them to create a table/diagram to explain inputs, steps and outputs, strings and true or false statements to you.
Children will also be learning about binary numbers by looking at 1, 2, 4, 8, Can they teach you how to make different numbers such as 5 or 18 using binary?

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Homework - Summer 2 (Y2)

Creating a Ping Pong game on Scratch
Children will develop their programming skills by using a program called Scratch to make a Ping Pong game. Use the Scratch web site. If possible, can your child access scratch to demonstrate how to create or play their game? If not, can they describe how they created it including any problems they faced?

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How is technology used in the environment?

Children will learn about technology that is used in our everyday lives. Can your child tell you about technology on roads, drive through’s and in various rooms in your house? They could make a poster about the popular use of technology.

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Stranger Danger online

Children will learn that people online are strangers unless they actually know them in real life. However, they must be aware that people can pretend to be somebody else so they must be careful. Watch the YouTube video clip together and carefully discuss what to do if they accidentally give out some personal information.

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What is fake news? What is plagiarism?

Children will develop their skills in identifying what information is true or untrue whilst searching online. Ask your child to explain how they would recognise real or fake information. Can they show you any fake news online?
Using Digital Technology
Children will be introduced to their ‘digital footprints’ and how they should not write anything nasty or upsetting online as this has consequences. They will also be introduced to search engines, including Junior Safe Search and how to research topics online. They will also learn about how images and documents are saved as files, in folders with names and extensions types. Ask your child to show you how to safely carry out research on a chosen topic i.e elephants.

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Information sharing (Terms & Conditions, Cookies)

Children will be learning about how ‘cookies’ save their information on the internet and how it is important for an adult to read the terms and conditions of a newly installed App before entering their information. Together, look at some websites (all websites will ask you to accept the cookies) and discuss what information it will be saving about you.
Visit the BBC web site for some information about cookies.

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What is Cyberbullying?

Children will learn that cyberbullying is like ‘real life’ bullying but it can also be by an anonymous person. Can your child explain the different ways that people may be bullied online? Use the Think U Know web site with your child for more information about staying safe online.

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Managing time online

Children will learn that they should take time out from looking at screens such as the TV, tablets, laptops, phones and other devices to carry out physical activity or verbal conversations with their family. Can your child explain the best times to put their device down? (For example, before bedtime or when eating.)

Year 3

Please use the Learning Journey to find out about Computing in Year 3.

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Homework - Autumn 1 (Y3)

Watch the YouTube video and create a strong password with your child.

Ask your child to draw a diagram showing the different network types.

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Homework - Autumn 2 (Y3)

Basic Concepts and creating a Dance Party on Scratch
Children will be recapping their knowledge of costumes whilst focussing on the Scratch library. They will use Sprites that have lots of costumes to create a dance party involving sounds from the library and random sounds. Use the web site links to create a dance party at home with all the family.

Animations on Microsoft PowerPoint
Children will learn how to add animations to text and images in PowerPoint, including timers and sounds. Can your child explain what an animation on PowerPoint is? If possible, ask them to demonstrate their skills on a home device.

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Homework - Spring 1 (Y3)

Working with lists and sound in Scratch
Children will be developing their knowledge of algorithms in Scratch by learning about ‘Lists’ and creating buttons so that the user can edit their lists. Can your child explain what lists they have been learning about and what they do? If possible, your child could use the Scratch web site to demonstrate their skills.
Using Templates on Microsoft Publisher
Children will learn how to use templates in Publisher when making leaflets. Can your child explain what a template it? And when is the best time to use a template?

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Homework - Spring 2 (Y3)

Pattern drawing
Children will be creating patterns using shapes, lines and stamping different Sprites, in Scratch. Ask your child to draw similar patterns on paper using pens/pencils etc. Do they think it is easier to do on paper or Scratch?

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Homework - Summer 1 (Y3)

Introduction to Logo
Children will learn to use a different piece of software called ‘MSWLogo’. They will create shapes and patterns using commands such as forward, backward, left and right. Can your child instruct you to draw a shape by using the commands?

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Homework - Summer 2 (Y3)

Manipulate images using Paint
Children will learn how to edit images and use layering to create new images using Paint. Can your child explain what layering is and how to use it when creating a new image? If possible, allow them to demonstrate on a home device.

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Password Phishing/Networking

Children will learn about how people may try to ‘phish’ for their password and how important it is to create strong passwords that they change frequently. Can your child explain 2 or 3 different ways that people may try to find out somebody’s password?

Networking
Children will learn about how devices can be connected to a network through a server, such as in school, and that there are different drives that users have different access to. They will also learn about sorting networks and how the computer processes things.

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Managing time online

Children will learn about managing their time online and the negative affects too much screen time can have. Create a poster/timetable together that they can use at home to limit their screen time. Use the Internet Matters web site for a toolkit to help with this.

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How do pop-up advertisements persuade us?

Children will learn that adverts are used to persuade them to stay on a game longer through the use of ‘winning coins’ or a leader board. Ask your child to explain the different persuasive techniques that adverts use and why they should ignore them.

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Managing information

Children already know what their personal information is and that they shouldn’t share it with strangers online however now they will learn that they input their personal information when signing up to Apps. Most Apps make you enter certain details, but they must think carefully about what they include, can they enter a username rather than their real name? Does the App need to know your location for the game? And so on. Ask your child to discuss and explain how to keep their information to a minimum when signing up to new games. You could even do this together by signing up to a new App.

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Online challenges

Children will learn about safe and dangerous online challenges, as well as how safe challenges can become dangerous. They will learn how to successfully research a challenge and what to do before they accept to carry one out. Can your child explain what to do if they want to do an online challenge? (For example, research, ask an adult, never do it alone etc.)

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Online relationships

Children will learn how to stay safe when communicating online, even with known friends. This includes how to be respectful to others online. Ask your child to create a poster about having respectful, responsible relationships online. (For example, using appropriate language, not using family member’s bank details, wearing appropriate clothing and using a blank background when vlogging, etc). Use the Think U Know web site for games or information about staying safe online.

Year 4

Please use the Learning Journey to find out about Computing in Year 4.

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Homework - Autumn 1 (Y4)

Creating a Maths Quiz on Scratch
Children will be developing their knowledge of custom blocks, lists and loop throughs by creating a Maths Quiz (using their very own quiz master) that asks and validates answers and gives them a score at the end of the game. Ask your child to create a maths quiz, if possible, on Scratch, otherwise on paper. Can they explain how to validate the correct and incorrect answers?
Hyperlinks on Microsoft PowerPoint
Children will learn how to insert hyperlinks to texts and images in their PowerPoint to link them to another slide, within the document, or to a webpage. Can your child explain when they might use a hyperlink? If possible, allow them to demonstrate their skills on a home device.

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Homework - Autumn 2 (Y4)

Search engines and forums
Children will learn about online reviews and how forums and YouTube tutorials can be used to get answers to questions. Together, with your child, think of some questions that you would like to find the answer to. For example, how to complete (a game) or how to get mud out of the carpet or where’s the best place to buy (something the child likes). Ask your child to model how to safely search the internet and use reviews and forums to find answers.
Keyboard Shortcuts
Children will learn about keyboard shortcuts to help them become quicker and more efficient when using a keyboard. Can your child teach you the most common keyboard shortcuts? If you have a Mac device, do they know what to press instead of ctrl?

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Homework - Spring 1 (Y4)

Developing Logo
Children will be developing their skills on MSW Logo by creating procedures, learning how to use the RGB colour scheme, setting the position of the turtle and creating a Space Scene. Can your child show you how to create different colours using the RGB colour scheme? Can they direct you from one place to another using commands they have learnt?

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Homework - Spring 2 (Y4)

Networks
Children will learn about the internet as a network. Can they draw a diagram, or explain, how the internet connects to us all?
Responsible Use
Children will develop their knowledge of copyright by learning about intellectual property and how trademarks are a form of copyright. Watch some adverts on TV, can your child identify the trademarks?

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Homework - Summer 1 (Y4)

Creating ‘Space invaders’ on Scratch
Children will be developing their programming skills further by creating a ‘Space Invaders’ game that involves controlling a spaceship left and right as well as shoot a laser at the aliens. Once destroyed they will make a sound and disappear. If the aliens reach the bottom, it will broadcast ‘Game Over!’ If possible, allow your child to demonstrate their skills on the Scratch web site, otherwise, can they explain the main things they learnt whilst making ‘Space Invaders’?

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Homework - Summer 2 (Y4)

Blogging
Children will learn about blogging on WordPress. This involving formatting text, modifying images, inserting polls, embedding maps and including tags to make their blog more searchable. Can your child tell you things that they might blog about? You could search and read child-friendly blogs together.
Cropping and editing images on Microsoft Office
Children will learn how to crop and edit images in Microsoft Office using the crop tool and different formatting tools such as, transparency, colour, corrections, alignment and removing background. If possible, allow your child to demonstrate cropping and editing images on a home device.

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Caught in the web: How to stay safe online

Using a story book, Caught in the web, children will learn about staying safe online including fake profiles, strong passwords, cyberbullying and the difference between ‘real’ and ‘online’ friends. Ask your child to create a poster demonstrating how to stay safe online – You could even safely look online for examples.

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What are Social influencers?

Children will learn that Social influences are paid to look or behave a certain way on social media which sets unrealistic expectations. Discuss your child’s favourite YouTuber, or person online, and ask them what they like about them and remind them that, although they can like them, some things they do are because they are being paid. You could even research some of the highest paid YouTubers - click the web site link to learn more.

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How do we leave a Digital footprint?

Children will learn that every time they visit a website, leave a comment or post a photo or video, it leaves a trail on the internet that can never be removed. They will discuss scenarios where people have even uploaded videos of others doing something that is unacceptable and how it could affect their life in the future. Discuss your child’s understanding of acceptable behaviour on, and offline and how it could affect their future.

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Why do age restrictions exist?

Children will learn about the effects of using products at a younger age than stated in the age restriction. They will also focus on video games by discussing why these age restrictions are in place. Ask your child to explain the affects to you, whether it is a game, film or other things such as gambling or smoking.

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Online bullying

Children will learn about how people use words to bully others online using messages or comments. Discuss how ‘sticks and stones may break my bones, but words can never hurt me’ does not apply to the world anymore and how they can get support if they feel bullied online. Use the Think U Know website for games or information about staying safe online.

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Unsafe Communication

Children will recap safe online environments and develop their knowledge about ‘online’ friends. Ask your child if they play with strangers online and discuss how this can still be a safe relationship as long as you don’t share any personal information, no matter how long you’ve ‘known’ them for. Reiterate to your child that if they ever feel uncomfortable, then they must tell you or another trusted adult to help them block the user from their game/website. Use the Think U Know web site for games or information about staying safe online.

Year 5

Please use the Learning Journey to find out about Computing in Year 5.

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Homework - Autumn 1 (Y5)

Organising files and folders
Children will focus on how to name files and folders and where, and how, best to save their documents and images on the school network. Can they explain/model the best way to save files and folders on devices at home?
Advanced Logo
Children will learn about using a program called MSW Logo. They will input code to create images and shapes on the screen. Ask your child to write code (on a piece of paper) to create a square or even a circle.

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Homework - Autumn 2 (Y5)

Why do we need a strong password?
Children will learn about software, and strategies, that are used to hack people’s passwords to help them create a strong password for themselves. Have a go at creating strong passwords together and use the Random-ize website to check how strong they really are.

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Homework - Spring 1 (Y5)

Introduction to HTML (Notepad++)
Children will learn that ‘behind’ the web browser is a lot of HTML code, as this is how the computer ‘thinks’. They will have a go at copying some code to create their own version of a ‘Space’ website. Ask your child to show you what a ‘Nav bar’ is and what it does, as they will be creating one on their website.
Inserting and using Tables
Children will learn about when they should use a table in a document; how to create and format a table. Ask your child to create a list of when it is appropriate to use a table. If possible, allow them to demonstrate how to create and format a table on a home device.

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Homework - Spring 2 (Y5)

Introduction to spreadsheets
Children will learn the basics of Microsoft Excel including adding figures together using a formula and inputting data to convert to a graph. If possible, allow your child to demonstrate their skills on Microsoft Excel at home.

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Homework - Summer 1+2 (Y5)

Introduction to App Inventor
Children will learn how to create their own App using the App Inventor web site . They will learn how to use images, include speech, move images around, create a drawing App including different colours and sizes of paint brushes. If possible, allow your child to demonstrate their skills using the website above or ask your child to think up a new app. This could be a game, fitness or travel app for example. Ask them to create a design for the app by breaking it down and sketching out the different screens the user will see. Decomposing the app down into the different screens allows your child to create a design to illustrate how their app would work.

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How to stay safe when Live Streaming

Children will learn about the dangers of live streaming and that if they want to be a vlogger, they should never live stream but record it first, then upload. Ask your child to tell you the dangers of creating, and watching, live-streamed videos and discuss support strategies, together, if they ever see something upsetting and need help.

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Online challenges and chain letters

Children will learn about safe and dangerous challenges as well as, how safe challenges can become dangerous. They will also learn about why chain letters are sent around and that they are fake and should be ignored. Ask your child to discuss the dangers of challenges and create a strategy, together, for if they would like to complete a challenge safely at home.

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Abuse Online

Children will learn about all different types of bullying; online and offline. Ask them which is the most common bullying for children and teenagers and most importantly, discuss how to get support for themselves or their friends, if they are affected by bullying. Use the listed web sites to help.

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Targeted Online Content – Clickbait

Children will learn about how Clickbait tries to entice the user to click on certain things and how sometimes this can lead to fake news, but it can also lead to viruses on your device. Ask your child how they know something is Clickbait by giving you examples. You could even search for examples together safely on the internet.

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Grooming (Alright Charlie)

Children will learn about grooming; what it is, the warning signs and where to go for help if they are being groomed. Ask your child to explain what they know about grooming. Create a strategy, at home, to help your child if they are ever worried about grooming. Use the NSPCC web site for support on grooming.

Year 6

Please use the Learning Journey to find out about Computing in Year 6.

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Homework - Autumn 1 (Y6)

Create ‘Pico drop’ on Scratch
Children will be developing all of their programming skills to create a ‘Pico Drop’ game where Pico continuously falls down the screen, landing on platforms and she goes. Pico will be controlled using the arrow keys and will broadcast game over if Pico touches any side of the screen. There will be different levels to the game and a timer to show the user how long they managed to play for. If possible, allow your child to demonstrate their skills using the Scratch web site.

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Homework - Autumn 2 (Y6)

Stop Motion
Children will learn how to create images and manipulate them into an animation using Scratch. They will take photos of their chosen objects, move them slightly then take another photo. Then using Scratch, they will put their photos together as an animation and include billboards between some frames. If possible, use the Scratch web site to allow your child to demonstrate their skills.
Creating a Microsoft Form
Children will further develop their collaborative skills by creating a Microsoft Form to collect information, from their peers, and look at the results. Ask your child to explain what a Microsoft Form is. If you have access to Microsoft 365 or Gmail, your child could teach you how to create a Microsoft or Google Form.

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Homework - Spring 1 (Y6)

Fun with CSS (coding to style a webpage)
Children will learn how to style HTML coding for a website by changing the shadow of text, adding background images, scaling images, using transitions and creating animations. Ask your child to access a website such as BBC Bitesize and tell you about how they think the CSS was created. For example, the images, different text and animations or transitions.

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Homework - Summer 1+2 (Y6)

Excel Programming
Children will develop their programming skills using Microsoft Excel by learning how to record macros, create sub procedures, calculate areas of shapes, change text and add borders to a range, create If statements and For-Next loops and debug their work if needed. If you have Excel at home, ask your child to demonstrate their skills.
Sending an Email with an attachment
Children will use Microsoft Office 365 to send emails, learn the etiquette of emails and why the ‘Subject’ is important. They will then send and receive emails with attachments and discuss the dangers of opening attachments from people they don’t know. If possible, allow your child to demonstrate their skills and discuss what could happen if they open an attachment from an unknown user.

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Privacy settings on Social Media

Children will learn about how to keep their Social Media safe through the correct use of settings. If your child already has Social Media (age restriction is 13) then use this time to check their settings with your child and discuss. If your child does not have Social Media, then ask them to check your settings or just discuss together so that the child is familiar with settings on different types of Apps.

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Online Reputation

Children will learn about how their ‘online life’ can affect their ‘real’ life, school and future if they do not behave responsibly and appropriately (digital footprints). Ask your child to explain how they can protect their ‘digital personality’.

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Impact on confidence

Children will learn about filters and enhancements used online and the affect it has on people’s own body image. Discuss your child’s body image with them and prompt them to think about the positive aspects of themselves. You could even write/create posters about the good things about everyone in the house/family. Use the themix website if your child needs support with their body image.

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Violence Online

Children will learn how possessions of weapons online can be glamorised, how online violence can quickly escalate to offline violence, and to learn some of the laws and sentences relating to violence on, and offline. Ask your child to explain what they know about the laws against violence, including carrying a weapon. Discuss how people may misinterpret somebody who is taking photographs with weapons, and how this can become very dangerous.

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In the box (Safer gamer) - Visitor

Children will learn about how to stay safe when gaming. Ask your child to explain how to stay safe when they are gaming and where to go for support if they are worried about something when gaming.